4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals

Lucas v. Henrico Cty. Pub. Sch. Bd. (U)

The district court erred in concluding that it lacked subject-matter jurisdiction over the plaintiffs’ federal civil rights claims. The plaintiffs, a parent and two education advocates, raised numerous claims against the Henrico County School Board and related defendants arising from… Read More ›

Va. Dep’t of Corrs. v. Jordan (P)

The district court properly quashed a subpoena by two Mississippi death-row inmates who, in support of a challenge to their state’s lethal-injection procedures, sought documents and testimony about Virginia’s execution practices. The district court reasonably found that the petitioners didn’t… Read More ›

McCaffrey v. Chapman (P)

Under the Elrod-Branti exception to First Amendment protection, the district court properly dismissed a Loudoun County deputy sheriff’s claims against the sheriff, who declined to reappoint the deputy for supporting the sheriff’s political opponent. The court’s prior precedent provides that… Read More ›

Berkenfeld v. Lenet (P)

Because of Maryland’s high bar for taking questions of contributory negligence, the district court erred in finding that the plaintiffs were barred from recovery for their financial advisors’ alleged negligence. The plaintiffs’ evidence offers a reasonable basis to determine that… Read More ›

United States v. Guzman-Velasquez (P)

In denying the defendant’s motion to dismiss his indictment for illegal re-entry into the United States after being deported, the district court reached the right result for the wrong reason. The defendant’s sought dismissal based solely on United States v. Mendoza-Lopez,… Read More ›

United States v. Smith (P)

In the defendants’ trial for gang-related violence, the district court properly addressed some jurors’ fears about gang retaliation and admitted an FBI agent’s expert testimony decoding intercepted calls between gang members. After learning of one juror’s fears, the district judge… Read More ›

United States v. Hawley (P)

Following the defendant’s drug- and firearm-related convictions, the district court properly sentenced him to 57 months’ imprisonment. The district court imposed this sentence in part to account for the defendant’s criminal history, which included a prior sentence of 30 days’… Read More ›

Belville v. Ford Motor Co. (P)

In this products-liability suit arising from an alleged manufacturing defect in Ford vehicles, the district court properly dismissed the claims of certain plaintiffs, excluded plaintiffs’ three experts’ opinions, and granted summary judgment to Ford on all claims. The district court properly… Read More ›

Attkisson v. Holder (P)

After three-and-a-half years of protracted preliminary litigation — including multiple amendments to the complaint — the district court properly dismissed the plaintiffs’ claims for alleged illegal intrusions into the plaintiffs’ electronic devices to conduct unlawful surveillance. The complaint alleges that… Read More ›

Cabrera Vasquez v. Barr (P)

The Board of Immigration Appeals failed to fully consider the evidence in support of the petitioner’s claim under the Convention Against Torture. Gang members told the petitioner and her son that they would be killed by gang members if they didn’t… Read More ›

Duncan v. Barr (P)

In the petitioner’s claim for derivative citizenship and cancellation of removal, whether the government would acquiesce to torture under the Convention Against Torture is a mixed question of fact and law. Whether the petitioner was in the “physical custody” of… Read More ›

United States v. Davis (P)

In the defendant’s trial for drug distribution, the district court did not abuse its discretion in admitting (1) a confidential informant’s out-of-court statement about purchasing drugs from the defendant prior to the relevant investigation, (2) an officer’s photographs of the… Read More ›